The Protocol of Sevres, 24 October 1956
By Ahmed Amr
The results of the conversations which took place at Sevres from 22-24 October 1956 between representatives of the Governments of the United Kingdom, The State of Israel and of France are the following:
- Israeli forces launch in the evening of 29 October 1956 a large scale attack of the Egyptian forces with the aim of reaching the Canal zone the following day.
- On being apprised of these events, The British and French Governments during the day of 30 October 1956 respectively and simultaneously make two appeals to the Egyptian Government and the Israeli Government on the following lines:
To the Egyptian Government
a) halt all acts of war
b) withdraw all its troops ten miles from the Canal
c) accept temporary occupation of key positions on the Canal by the
Anglo-French forces to guarantee freedom of passage through the
Canal by vessels of all nations until a final settlement.
To the Israeli Government
a) halt all acts of war
b) withdraw all its troops ten miles to the east of the Canal.
In addition, the Israeli Government will be notified that the French and British Governments have demanded of the Egyptian Government to accept temporary occupation of key positions along the Canal by Anglo-French forces. It is agreed that if one of the Governments refused, or did not give its consent, within twelve hours, the Anglo-French forces would intervene with the means necessary to ensure that their demands are accepted.
The representatives of the three Governments agree that the Israeli Government will not be required to meet the conditions in the appeal addressed to it, in the event that the Egyptian Government does not accept those in the appeal addressed to it for their part.
- In the event that the Egyptian Government should fail to agree within the stipulated time to the conditions of the appeal addressed to it, the Anglo-French forces will launch military operations against the Egyptian forces in the early hours of the morning of 31 October.
- The Israeli Government will send forces to occupy the western shore of the Gulf of Akaba and the group of islands Tirane and Sanafir to ensure freedom of navigation in the Gulf of Akaba.
- Israel undertakes not to attack Jordan during the period of operations against Egypt.
- The arrangements of the present protocol must remain strictly secret.
- They will enter into force after the agreement of the three Governments
In addition to this protocol, there is a separate French Israeli protocol, to provide French jets to Israel.
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